Seeing Floaters in the Eye
What is the source of the shapes flying in the field of vision?
You may not have heard of its scientific name, but you have certainly seen the popular floating shapes. These floating images are called myodysopsia in medical terms. They can be in the form of a dot, a string, a floating tail or a spider web. These are not optical illusions, they are really there in your eye.
Where are the floating bodies?
At the back of the eye is the retinal layer, which consists of light-sensitive cells. The nerve cells that make up the retina, also called neurons, are activated when they perceive light and send information to the brain about what you see through the optic nerve. Between the lens and the retina is a substance called vitreous gel.
As the age progresses, the gel structure here may deteriorate and become more liquid. Then the particles that have entered the vitreous may clump together and cause a shadow to fall on the retina.
Are Flying Objects Dangerous?
Floaters may indicate a retinal tear or retinal detachment. New flyings are dangerous. He should see an ophthalmologist immediately. Posterior vitreous detachment can also cause sudden floaters. Retinal tear investigation should be done. Sometimes, eye inflammations, which we call uveitis, can also cause eye floaters. The ophthalmologist distinguishes between retinal detachment, inflammation of the eye or posterior vitreous detachment with a posterior eye examination.
If you do not have any of the above diseases as a result of the examination, you are lucky. It means you don?t have an emergency disease. Vitreous gel degradation is called vitreous floaters (English) or Mouches volantes (French) in foreign literature. Objects formed due to posterior vitreous detachment gradually decrease. Sometimes it goes completely out of sight.
What to Do If Flying Objects Do Not Disappear?
If there is no damage or tear in the retina, it is expected for a while, and the complaints usually disappear or decrease over time. However, if the floaters increase or cause vision loss, treatment may be required.
For most people, floaters are not a major problem, but online searches for treatment will reveal a variety of methods. Unfortunately, most of these methods are useless. Two main treatment methods are used for floating bodies. These are removal of some vitreous bands with YAG laser and removal of vitreous gel by vitrectomy surgery. Although the YAG laser technique has become partially widespread in the field of ophthalmology, there is little research on how effective it is in the treatment of this problem.
In cases where floaters significantly affect vision, a treatment called vitrectomy is applied and the vitreous gel in the eye is surgically removed from the eye. Vitrectomy is only applied as a last resort, as it involves serious risks such as retinal detachment and cataracts.
It is now possible to correct stressful situations such as spider webs, commas, blackheads and flying flies floating in the eye with a new generation laser treatment. We can eliminate these problems to a large extent by using a newly developed method (vitreolazer) and laser for this problem, which we call vitreous degeneration. If you are complaining about this situation, you can apply to our clinic.