Retina, macula, AMD Anti-VEGF needle- laser, surgery and treatments

Drugs, lasers, and surgery are all employed in the treatment of retinal illnesses. Eye needle treatment is one of the novel therapeutic approaches that has been popular recently. Photodynamic Therapy is done in an outpatient clinic setting with special lenses that do not penetrate the eye. Lasers can be used to treat retinal tears, regression of aberrant arteries and various disorders of the yellow spot.

The retina is a 0.5 mm thick layer that adheres to the underlying tissue within the eyeball. The macula, a small but very specific area of the retina, provides us with detailed, central vision. Peripheral (side) vision is provided by the other part of the retina. Light is converted into a signal for the brain by the retina, which is a complex structure. The retina, like the film in a camera, is where the image is formed. The “yellow spot” or “macula” is the center of the retina.

Anti-VEGF needle retina amd treatment laser

Retinal Diseases and treatments

The retina is the innermost part of the eyeball layers and contains the light-sensitive receptors. The function of the retina is to perceive and send the information presented to itself in the form of light energy to the brain. The human brain is most interested in contrasts to detect objects in the outside world. While converting light into electrochemical energy, the retina converts the information generated by the contrast of dark and light into neural signals that have meaning in the visual brain. The main functional components of the retina are photoreceptors. Photoreceptors are composed of cells called rods, which are responsible for seeing in the dark, and cones, which are responsible for seeing in the light.

 

Symptoms of Retinal Diseases

  1. Blurred distance and near-vision
  2. More light is needed for better vision.
  3. Colors appear paler.
  4. Visual impairment when switching from bright light to dim light
  5. Difficulty recognizing people’s faces
  6. Dark/blurred areas of central vision
  7. Seeing straight lines as crooked.
  8. Sudden or slow vision loss,
  9. Broken-curved vision
  10. Light flashes,
  11. Aviation,
  12. Moving objects in front of the eye
  13. Screening of the view
  14. Transient and short-term vision loss
  15. The appearance of dark areas in the field of view
  16. loss of central vision.
  17. Black/empty pitches not seen in the center
  18. Colors are less bright.

Anti-VEGF needle retina amd treatment laser

What Are Retinal Diseases?

  1. Vascular diseases of the retina
  2. From retinal disorders to diabetes
  3.  Occlusions of retinal vessels
  4. Retinal detachments
  5. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) ,
  6. Macular blemishes (macular blemishes), epiretinal membrane
  7. Other macular (yellow spot) diseases
  8. Retinal congenital diseases
  9. Intraretinal and subretinal hemorrhages,
  10. Accumulation of fluid beneath the retina,
  11. Vascular diseases of the retina
  12. Hereditary and congenital diseases

What Are the Treatments for Retinal Diseases?

Treatment with a laser

It is one of the earliest ways for treating macular degeneration and other retinal illnesses, and it is being used today. Patients who have laser treatment have their retinal vessels stabilized and their retinal nourishment improved, and their vision is well protected.

Anti-VEGF needle retina amd treatment laser

Anti-VEGF medicine with an eye needle treatment

Drugs for treatment are injected directly into the eye in eye needle treatment, which is one of the novel therapeutic approaches that has been popular recently. Vascular enlargement, fluid leaks, and ocular hemorrhage can all be avoided with this treatment strategy. The treatment will need to be repeated at the periods suggested by the doctor, depending on the degree of eyesight loss.

Photodynamic Therapy

Only in the most severe cases of retinal disease is this therapy strategy recommended. A specially coloured substance is given to the patients’ arms and collected in the location of the expanding vessel in the eye in this approach, which has been utilized for the treatment of retinal illnesses for 15 years. Meanwhile, a laser is used for 83 seconds on the eye, and the coloured substance that has accumulated in the eye absorbs the laser and kills the swollen vessels.

Drugs, lasers, and surgery are all employed in the treatment of retinal illnesses. Because medications taken orally or instilled have a difficult time reaching the retina, most pharmaceuticals used to treat retinal illnesses are injected into the eye. Lasers can be used to treat retinal tears, the regression of aberrant arteries that form on the retinal surface, and various disorders of the yellow spot in patients with retinal diseases. This therapy is done in an outpatient clinic setting with special lenses that do not penetrate the eye.

What Is the Procedure for Retinal Surgeries?

Tools like tape stitched outside the eyeball, intraocular gases, and treatments like vitrectomy are utilized to treat surgical illnesses of the retina. The kind of sickness, the patient’s age and general health, and the eye’s state all influence which of these treatments should be used. Vitrectomy, on the other hand, is the most commonly utilized procedure today.

In our clinic, important retinal diseases are successfully treated by using new generation methods in the treatment of retinal diseases.