Laser Treatment for Heterochromia-Causes of Heterochromia

Central or sectoral Heterochromia, sometimes known as Heterochromia iridium-iridum, is a discoloration between the eyes. It might be random or innocuous, but it can also be a sign of an underlying eye condition. It is possible to be born with an aberrant iris or to develop one later in life. Horner’s syndrome, Fuchs heterochromic iridocyclitis, and oculodermal are some of the illnesses that might cause it. Heterochromia is a color difference that can be noticed in the eyes, as well as the hair and skin. It is caused by the over- or under-distribution of melanin pigment, which is responsible for all sorts of color in the body.

This geographical difference is caused by a mutation in the autosomal chromosomes, most commonly on the 8th chromosome. It’s intriguing to observe how some folks come to us for heterochromia therapy while others apply to have heterochromia created in their eyes using a laser. The new treatment, according to Dr. Mustafa Mete, who treated heterochromia for the first time in the world, enhances the odds of success. Treatment is straightforward.

Melanocytosis, Waardenburg syndrome, unilateral topical use of prostaglandins, and siderosis are all possible causes of heterochromia.


What is heterochromia, and how does it affect you?


It’s an unusual occurrence when the eyes are entirely different hues.

The term “heterochromia” is Greek in origin. The term “hetero” refers to something entirely distinct, whereas “chroma” relates to the hue in question.

Animals such as dogs and cats are the most commonly affected. It is, nevertheless, occasionally encountered in humans. “Heterochromia iridium” or “Heterochromia iridis” are other names for it. Differences in the distribution and concentration of animal pigment produce this. Melanin is the pigment that gives your eyes, hair, and skin their color.

Heterochromia also has a wide range of causes and manifestations.


Heterochromia’s Causes

The most popular explanation for this circumstance is that it is genetically determined. This is generally caused by a benign mutation that affects the iris’ melanin pigment event. It was suggested in a very extensive investigation that central heterochromia will develop at birth. This may happen to anybody, regardless of whether they have a history of heterochromia in their family. It has little impact on net controlling power and is unrelated to any discomfort. In these circumstances, there is no need for a diagnosis or therapy.

Furthermore, this condition might arise as a result of an accident, disease, or prescription medicine. Non-hereditary heterochromia is the term for this condition. David Pioneer is a well-known celebrity with non-hereditary heterochromia.

The following illnesses are the most common causes:

  1. Surgery on the Eyes
  2. Ectropion of the iris syndrome
  3. Diabetes, glaucoma, and the Posner-Schlossman syndrome are all conditions that affect the eyes.
  4. Pigment Dispersion Syndrome in Iris Tumors
Only our center in the world offers laser therapy for heterochromia.

Heterochromia Types

While there are few exceptions, most people are classed as having one of three forms of heterochromia.

Heterochromia in the Center-central heterochromia

It’s a common kind of heterochromia. The hues in the corners of these people’s eyes are radically different. The iris has a golden colour around the corners of the pupils, while the remainder of the iris has a unique color.

Heterochromia totale

People in this condition have radically different colour eyes. One eye might be brown-hazel and the other blue eyes, for example.

Heterochromia in Sectors or Segments-sectoral heterochromia

Segmental heterochromia is another form of heterochromia. A significant portion of the iris is impacted in this scenario. This can happen in either one or both eyes. Sectoral heterochromia refers to an irregular spot on the iris. It does not encircle the iris in a circle.